Pregnancy week by week



Week 30 of Pregnancy

Getting to sleep may be more difficult around now as your bump gets bigger. A few babies do arrive early, so it’s worth being prepared.  Call your doctor right away if you start to feel contractions that come at regular intervals, get more frequent and more intense with time. This could be a sign of preterm labour. About 7% of babies are born prematurely. Other signs of preterm labour are an increase in vaginal discharge, menstrual-like cramping, abdominal pain, pressure in pelvic area, leaking of amniotic fluid, and low back ache. Discuss anything unusual with your doctor immediately. When caught early on, premature labour can be stopped. Refer to our section on preterm labour to learn more.

Your body

Common symptoms that make reappearance thus week include itchy skin, shortness of breath, leg cramps, haemorrhoids, heartburn, achy muscles, a feeling of being flushed. Refer to our section on third trimester symptoms to read more.

 These last few weeks may leave you feeling fatigued. Uncomfortable nights make it even more difficult to sleep deeply. You will find it hard to get into a comfortable position. You need to go to the toilet frequently. You may have disturbing dreams and be woken by your baby kicking.

Try using three pillows in bed-one beneath your head, one between your knees and one in the small of your back for support.  Try to sleep on your left to lighten the pressure your baby is placing on your body’s main vein. In bed, use pillows to make yourself more comfortable3-in the small of your back and between your legs. Your partner can sleep in another bed so that you can have all the room, and he can get a decent night’s sleep! If possible, try to squeeze in a short nap during the day if you can. Don’t worry if you can’t sleep. Practise relaxation exercises. If you become really fidgety, get up and do something.

Your baby

The surface of your baby’s brain starts to change from being smooth, to forming grooves, ridges and indentations. It’s starting to look more like an adult brain.  He may measure about 39 cm from top to toe (crown-rump length is 27 cm). He weighs about 1.3 kg. He may react to loud sounds. At this stage your baby’s bone marrow is mature enough to synthesize RBCs. His hair is growing thicker on the scalp. The hand and feet are now fully formed. Baby’s head and body are closer to normal proportions. Overall, your baby is beginning to look similar to how he will look at birth. Your baby is now able to control her own body temperature. His kicks and jabs are more vigorous now, and you feel like he is moving all the time. Your baby’s diaphragm repeatedly moves mimicking breathing movements. The baby even starts hiccupping if amniotic fluid is inhaled in the process of breathing. These hiccups can be felt as rhythmic vibrations in the uterus. Your baby has plenty of more growing to do in the weeks to come as his weight will nearly triple in the next eleven weeks till his birth. Hence, to meet his increasing nutritional needs, you will have to eat food rich in protein, Vitamin C, folic acid, and iron. Also, continue taking a diet rich in calcium as your baby’s bones are using up lots of calcium. Refer to our section on pregnancy nutrition to know more.


In less than three months time your baby girl or boy will be born. It is time to plan out your finances if you have not done so already. Be prepared for lots of little expenses which come with a new person in your family. Some will be onetime expenses like stroller, car seat, baby cradle/cot, carrier, or baby monitor. Others are routine monthly expenses like clothes, diapers, wipes, bottles, soaps, lotions, toys, steriliser, bath tub and much more. You may also want to do some long term planning for your baby. Most insurance companies offer child future plans. This is also the time to decide if you want to store your baby’s cord blood. You may have to make arrangements in advance if you wish to do so. You can refer to our list of cord blood banks. Remember cord blood banking can be an expensive procedure therefore; you need to weigh the pros and cons of this procedure before deciding. You can refer to our section on cord blood banking to learn more.


1) What is Lamaze method of child birth? How will I benefit from joining Lamaze classes?

The Lamaze method involves childbirth education classes, relaxation and controlled breathing, comfort measure like massage, and emotional support. The focus of this method is to build your confidence during childbirth. This method is ideal for women who want to be in control during labour. Lamaze teaches how to be actively involved in labour, strategies to handle pain during different stages of labour, delivery positions that ease pain and discomfort during labour. It teaches your partner comfort measures like pressure massage and the use of hot and cold compresses for managing pain. Other areas covered in these classes include learning about with possible complications during labour and medically necessary interventions and information about drugs that are used to manage pain during labour. It is not about having a pain free birth, but to make informed choices during labour.

You also learn about bonding with your baby, breast feeding, and coping with post partum stress. The purpose behind Lamaze classes is to educate mums-to-be so that she can have more control and be better prepared for the birthing process.

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