Pregnancy week by week



6 month old

Your baby will soon learn to sit independently, push up and move around, in a circle if not forward or backward. And he is probably trying to bear his own weight on his legs when held tightly by you - practising for the moment later on when he starts standing and cruising. He might be rolling over too. As for communication, you're more than likely to hear his first attempts at babbling before long, if you haven't already. On another front, he is learning things have names and often prefers the familiar things in his world. Here is what you can expect from your six month old:

Social and Emotional development
  • Knows familiar faces and begins to know if someone is a stranger

  • Likes to look at self in the mirror

  • Recognises parents

  • Delights in playing games such as peek-a-boo

  • Expresses excitement at the introduction of a new toy or game.

 Language and Communication skills
  • Copies some facial expressions
  • Responds to sounds by making sounds

  • Strings vowels together when babbling (ah, eh, oh)

  • Responds to own name

  • Shows likes and dislikes

  • Starts to imitate sounds

  • Stretches arms out to be taken

  • Smiles and vocalizes at mirror image

  • Begins to understand some of what is being said.

  • Makes sounds to show joy and pleasure

  • Says one syllable sounds like “ma”, “ba”, “mu”, “da”, “di” (monosyllabic babble)

Cognitive skills
  • Will pay attention to small details in toys and surroundings.
  • Shows curiosity about things and tries to get things that are out of reach

  • Begins to pass things from one hand to another

  • Learning the idea of cause and effect. For instance, shaking the rattle makes noise.

  • Learning the concept of object permanence by looking for toys which have been dropped or partially hidden.
Physical Development
  • May roll over in both directions (from front to back, back to front)
  • When on stomach can lift chest and upper part of abdomen off the surface bearing weight on hands and not forearms.

  • Able to sit on the floor with lower back support.

  • Able to sit in a high chair with a straight back.

  • Can use both arms to prop himself up.

  • Uses toes and hands in a swimming motion to push on tummy towards an interesting toy.try to wiggle forward on floor

  • When held in a standing position, supports weight on both legs

  • Rocks back and forth, sometimes crawling backward before moving forward

  • Adjusts body to see an object

  • Opens mouth for spoon

  • Drinks from a cup when held to lips

  • Can hold bottle
  • Keeps head level when pulled to sitting position

        Developmental watch
  • Doesn’t try to get things that are in reach
  • Shows no affection for care givers

  • Doesn’t respond to sounds around him

  • Has difficulty getting things to mouth

  • Doesn’t roll over in either direction

  • Doesn’t laugh or make squealing sounds

  • Seems very stiff, with tight muscles

  • Seems very floppy, like a rag doll

  • Doesn’t make vowel sounds (ah, eh, oh)

 Recommended activities    

  • A range of toys and playthings will be useful now. Variety is all important as he may examine an object for just a few seconds before losing interest.
  • Soft toys: most babies will now be able to hold on to toys. They will enjoy small soft toys, especially ones with interesting bits to discover, like different textures and noises.

  • Make conversation whenever you have the chance, but give him plenty of time to respond

  • Talk as you do things and sing or chant nursery rhymes so he gets used to listening to you. He will enjoy the pattern and rhythm of the sounds

  • Read baby books together: he will love the sound of your voice as well as looking at the bright colours and shapes

  • Board books: your baby is also ready to look at the pictures in thick board book with you, especially if they are simple shapes in bright colours.

  • Activity centre: once your baby can grasp things in both hands an activity centre tied to the side of his cot will be fun, choose one that makes lots of different noises.

  • Play peek-a-boo

  • Imitate words such as “mama”  to help baby learn language

  • Provide an unbreakable mirror

  • Provide large, bright-coloured toys that make noise or have moving parts (avoid toys with small parts)

  • Start naming parts of the body and the environment

  • Use the word “no” infrequently

    Babies grow and develop at different rates. The information above is offered as a guide. There is no need to expect your baby's development to fit with all the above descriptions. If you’re at all worried about your baby's development, it is best to speak with your doctor.




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