Pregnancy week by week

Baby

Toddler

12 month old

                                   

Congratulations! Your baby is now a toddler.You have come a long way. Your little one has grown from a helpless babe in arms to a strong, mobile child with a whole range of developmental skills and abilities. Some babies will even have passed the walking and talking milestones by now, but there's absolutely no need to worry if yours hasn't, yet (particularly if she was born prematurely). It's still early days for these things, and every baby is different.

Your baby will have  tripled his birth weight by now. He will have grown to a height of 50% over birth length. Have a head circumference equal to that of chest. Have one to eight teeth. Sleeps 8-10 hours a night and take one to two naps in the day. Here is an outline of the basic skills for 12 month old toddler:


Social and Emotional development
  • Is shy or nervous with strangers

  • Shows fear in strange situations

  • Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story

  • Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing

  • Tests parental responses to behavior

  • Shows affection

  • Dances to music

  • Prefers to push, pull and dump items

  • Shares toys but wants them back

  • Will assert independence and insist upon feeding herself

Language and Communication skills
  • Responds to simple spoken requests

  • Uses simple gestures, like shaking head  for “no” or waving “bye-bye”

  • Imitates sounds, such as the sounds dogs and cats make

  • Recognizes objects by name

  • Says three or more words other than “mama” or “dada” with meaning

  • Comprehends the meaning of several words and phrases like  “where is your shoe?”

  • Babbles short sentences that only he understands.

  • The average number of words for a 12 month old is three. He may say parts of words such as “ba” for ball.

  • Follows simple directions like “pick up the toy”

  • May kiss on request

 Cognitive skills
  • Explores objects in different ways, like shaking, banging, throwing

  • Egocentric pretend play (e.g., pretends to drink from a toy cup)

  • Looks at the right picture or object when it’s named

  • Copies gestures

  • Understands use of certain objects, for example, drinks from a cup, brushes hair, dials telephone

  • Connects names with objects

  • Points to objects with index finger

  • Shows interest in picture book.

  • Mouthing almost stopped

  • Beginning to throw objects to floor ( casting)

 Physical development
  • Pulls up to stand, walks holding onto  furniture (cruising)

  • May take a few steps without holding on

  • May stand alone

  • Has fun opening and closing cabinet doors

  • Walks one hand held

  • Sits down from standing position without help

  • Bangs two cubes together

  • Puts objects into containers and then takes them out

  • Bend over to pick up objects

  • Turns pages of book, many pages at a time

  • Enjoys throwing balls

  • Have a pincer grasp

  • Can twist round to pick up object.

Developmental watch
  • Does not crawl

  • Cannot stand when supported

  • Does not search for objects that are hidden while he watches

  • Says no single words ("mama" or "dada")

  • Does not learn to use gestures, such as waving or shaking head

  • Does not point to objects or pictures

  • Loses skills he once had

Recommended activities
  • Shape sorters: simple posting and sorting games which encourage him to match shapes or increase his dexterity

  • Activity toys: toys with buttons to press or turn that make sounds so he can learn that doing one thing leads to another thing happening

  • Bath toys: now that he can sit unsupported he will enjoy filling and tipping water from a container and watch it splash

  • He will enjoy peek-a-boo, where you hide behind your hands for a second or two and then pop out smiling. This game helps him to realize that even when he can’t see you, you are still there. Later he will try the same trick on you.

    Your one year old



Babies grow and develop at different rates. The information above is offered as a guide. There is no need to expect your baby's development to fit with all the above descriptions. If you’re at all worried about your baby's development, it is best to speak with your doctor.



 

 

 



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