Pregnancy week by week



1 month old


In the beginning, it may seem that your baby does nothing but eat, sleep, and cry. But by the end of the first month, you will notice that he has become much more alert and responsive. You will realize that he listens when you speak, watches you as you hold him, and occasionally moves his own body to respond to you or attract your attention. Here are some other milestones to look for:

Social and Emotional development
  • Looks intently at parents when they talk to him

  • Recognises the scent of mother’s breast milk.

Language and Communication skills
  • Cries to express displeasure

  • May turn towards familiar sounds or voices as hearing is fully mature

  • Responds to loud sound

  • Reacts to bright lights

Cognitive skills
  • Prefers the human face and high contrast patterns to other shapes

  • Watches mother’s face when she talks to him.

  • Sees black and white patterns

Physical development
  • Moves head from side to side when lying on tummy

  • Makes jerky arm movements

  • Moves both legs and arms equally well

  • Brings hand to face

  • Strong reflex movements. Hands are mostly clenched in little fists, and legs are curled up like they were in the womb.

  • Can just focus on objects 8 to 12 inches away. Prefers to focus on objects that are even nearer.

  • Looks and follows dangling object in range of 45 degrees

  • Lifts head for short periods while on stomach

Developmental watch
  • Sucks poorly and feeds slowly

  • Seems excessively loose in the limbs, or floppy

  • Doesn’t respond to loud sounds

  • Rarely moves arms and legs; seems stiff

  • Doesn’t blink when shown a bright light

  • Doesn’t focus and follow a nearby object moving from side to side

Recommended activities
  • The silly face game. When  she is looking at you intently, open and close your eyes, stick out your tongue, smile.

  • She loves hearing your voice, so talk to her, sing songs, and if you hear her make a sound, join her in a conversation.

  • A lot of eye-to-eye contact

  • Respond quickly when she cries

  • Repeat the sounds that she makes

  • Cuddle her close as skin-to-skin contact is wonderful
Babies grow and develop at different rates. The information above is offered as a guide. There is no need to expect your baby's development to fit with all the above descriptions. If you’re at all worried about your baby's development, it is best to speak with your doctor.




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