Pregnancy week by week

Baby

Toddler

18 month old

 
                                                 

By 18 months your toddler understands “no” and can follow simple commands. She may also point to things, shake her head and wave hello or good-bye. As toddlers gain more control over the muscles in their hands and fingers, they enjoy scribbling with crayons and eating with a spoon.

You may also notice that your toddler is becoming more independent but prefers his parents and familiar people over strangers. You may also realize that your toddler feels safe and secure when she is on a schedule and sticks to a familiar routine.
Your toddler will now really show how he feels - he will smile when you praise him and cry when you scold him. He may begin to throw tantrums when he gets angry. At this stage of emotional development, he doesn't follow rules and warnings very well yet. Here are some typical milestones you may see in your 18 month old:
 
Social and Emotional development
  • May have temper tantrums
     
  • May be afraid of strangers
     
  • Shows affection to familiar people
     
  • Pretend play with doll such as feeding a doll
     
  • May cling to caregivers in new situations
     
  • Uses pointing or other showing gestures to draw attention to something of interest
     
  • Demands personal attention
     
  • May reveal stubbornness
     
  • May complain when wet or soiled; kisses parent with pucker
     
Language and Communication skills
  • Says several single words
     
  • Says and shakes head “no”
     
  • Points to show someone what he wants
     
  • Points to two or three body parts (nose, eye, hair, etc.)
     
  • Has expressive vocabulary of 10-15 words
     
  • Can combine two word phrases
     
  • Can follow one step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sits when you say “sit down”
     
  • Jargon speech with many intelligible words.
     

Cognitive skills

  • Identifies family members in photographs
     
  • Is able to make choices between clear alternatives
     
  • Begins to solve problems
     
  • Remembers more
     
  • Will sit for short time and look at pictures in a book
     
  • Turn pages , two or three at a time.
     
  • Understands and is able to point to and identify common objects like  picture of dog or cat
     
  • Domestic mimicry- copies mother in dusting, washing, cleaning. No casting.
     
Physical development
  • Walks alone
     
  • Gets up and down stairs, holding rail, without help.
     
  • Walks upstairs one hand held
     
  • Runs with a lack of coordination and falls often.
     
  • Walks, pulling toy or carrying doll.
     
  • Seats self on chair
     
  • Beginning to jump both feet
     
  • Explores drawers and wastebaskets
     
  • Can help undress herself by taking off gloves, socks, unzips
     
  • Manages spoon well without rotation and drinks from a cup
     
  • Picks up small objects with pointer finger and thumb
     
  • Can build a tower of 3-4 blocks
     
  • Scribbles spontaneously; imitates vertical and horizontal stroke; dumps pellet from bottle
     
  • Can throw a ball without falling
     
  • Can turn two or three pages of a book at a time
     
  • Is able to get onto small chairs without help
     
Developmental watch
  • Doesn’t point to show things to others
     
  • Can’t walk
     
  • Doesn’t know what familiar things are for
     
  • Doesn’t copy others
     
  • Doesn’t gain new words
     
  • Doesn’t have at least 6 words
     
  • Loses skills he once had

Recommended activities 
 
  • Stick with daily routines to help children develop a sense of order
     
  • Make believe toys: a telephone, some plastic food, a teddy. These encourage talking and imaginative play
     
  • Building blocks: he may build small towers of his own or prefer to knock yours down. Good for hand-eye co-ordination
     
  • Play-dough: fun for squishing. A rolling pin and a shaped cutter will extend play. He will enjoy watching you make things too.
     
  • Push and pull-along toys: good for improving balance and co-ordination. Push along gives confidence to early walkers while pull along are popular when your toddler realizes he can walk backwards. Look for ones with a low wide base so they are less likely to tip over.
     
  • First jigsaws: individual pieces with knobs on to make them easy to hold are ideal at this stage.
     
  • Musical instruments: children enjoy joining in with making music. First instruments are those to shake or bang.
     
Children grow and develop at different rates. The information above is offered as a guide. There is no need to expect your child's development to fit with all the above descriptions. If you’re at all worried about your child's development, it is best to speak with your doctor.

 

 



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